James Tillman Sanford ALLRED (01020310)
Allred Progenitors: (James, William, Thomas)
Born: 03/28/1825 Bedford Co., TN
Died: 03/28/1905 Spring City, Sanpete Co., UT
Submitted by: Sharon Allred Jessop 04/19/1999
|LIFE SKETCH OF JAMES TILLMAN SANFORD ALLRED
(Company A. Mormon Battalion)
James Tillman Sanford Allred was born in Bedford County,
Tennessee. He was the fifth son and the tenth child of James
Allred and Elizabeth Warren. His father was born in Randolph
County, North Carolina on January 22, 1784, while his mother was
born in South Carolina on the sixth day of May in the year 1787.
His parents were married the 14th day of November, 1803 in
Randolph County, North Carolina. Shortly thereafter they moved
to Franklin County, Georgia where their first son, William
Hackley was born. Before 1806 James and Elizabeth with their son
moved to Warren County, Kentucky, where their second son, Martin
Carrell was born. A short time after Martin Carrell was born,
the family moved to the Ohio River near Yellow Bands where their
third child and first daughter, Hanna Caroline, was born. Early
in 1811 the family again moved to Bedford County, Tennessee,
where James Tillman Sanford the subject of this narrative was
born on March 26, 1825.
James Tillman with the rest of his father’s family lived in
Bedford County for sixteen years, during which time five
additional brothers and four more sisters were born into his
father’s family. In the year 1830 he moved with his father’s
family as a boy of five, to Ralls County, Missouri, which county
was later divided and the family found themselves in Monroe
County where Andrew Jackson, their fourteenth child was born.
Through the teachings of George M. Hinkle and others, James
Tillman’s father and a number of the members of his father’s
family joined the Church on September 10th, 1832. The branch
where they were living was known as the Salt River Branch. James
Tillman’s father was a captain in Zion’s camp. He went with the
Prophet Joseph Smith, his brother Isaac, his son Martin in June
of 1834 to redeem Zion.
In the spring of 1835 the family moved to Clay County, Missouri
where James Tillman was baptized on February 22, 1835 at the age
of ten years. Again in 1837, after a stay of only two years the
family moved to Caldwell County where James Tillman’s father was
elected County Judge. When the Church left Missouri in the
spring of 1839 the family again moved to Pittsfield, Pike
County, Illinois. They did not stay there long however as in the
fall they moved to Commerce afterwards called Nauvoo, where
James Tillman’s father was ordained a High Priest and a member
of the High Council. He was also present on Saturday, May 24,
1845, when the Twelve Apostles and the High Council, of which he
was a member, assembled to lay the capstone of the completion of
the Temple. James Tillman’s father was also one of the body
guards to the Prophet in the Nauvoo Legion.
In 1840, James Tillman’s father was kidnaped. The circumstances
surrounding his kidnaping are as follows: The Saints at Nauvoo,
by June of 1840, had erected about two hundred and fifty homes.
They were mostly block houses, but there were also a few frame
dwellings. Many more houses were in process of erection and the
town was rapidly increasing in population and about 1,000 acres
had been laid out for lots. When the people of Missouri,
watching the Saints re-establishing themselves, realized that
their persecution and expulsion had been fruitless in destroying
the church and the group as a whole, they began to connive ways
of utterly destroying the Mormon People. In one of their
fiendish attempts to abolish the Mormons a small group
consisting of H.M. Woodward and six other men crossed over the
Mississippi River into Illinois at a point above Quincy and
kidnaped James Allred, Tillman’s father, and three other
Mormons, and without writ or warrant dragged them over to
Missouri to a neighborhood called Tully in Lewis County. These
unfortunate men were imprisoned for a day or two in an old log
cabin, during which time their lives were continually
threatened. One of James’s companions, Alanson Brown, was taken
out and a rope was placed around his neck. He was then hung up
to a tree until he was nearly strangled to death. Benjamin Boyce
at the time was tied to a tree and stripped of his clothes and
inhumanly beaten. Noah Roger, another companion, was also
beaten, while James, Tillman’s father, was stripped of every
particle of his clothing and tied up to a tree for the greater
part of a night, and threatened frequently. He was finally
released without being whipped. On the 12th of July, 1840, after
being prisoners for two days, they were released with this
statement: “The people of Tully having taken up Mr. Allred, with
some others, and having examined into the offenses committed,
find nothing to justify his detention longer and have released
him.” Signed - “By order of the Committee, H.M. Woodward.” Even
the Non-Mormons were vociferous in their condemnation of this
type of treatment, and petitioned Governor Carlin for action to
stop them. Nothing ever came of these petitions.
James, Tillman’s father, not only assisted in building the
Nauvoo Temple, but assisted in giving endowments therein. James
Tillman was ordained a seventy in 1842 while the family resided
In June, 1844, the Prophet Joseph, Hyrum, President John Taylor,
and Apostle Willard Richards were taken to the Carthage Jail in
Hancock County, Illinois. At the jail the Prophet handed his
sword to James Allred, father of Tillman, and said, “Take this,
you may need it to defend yourself.” At the Prophet’s death,
James brought this sword to Utah. It presently is on display at
the Utah State Capitol. On the 27th of June, the Prophet and
Hyrum were murdered in Carthage Jail. The Prophet had previously
prophesied that Willard Richards would not be harmed by four
bullets. Brother Taylor’s wounds were cared for by Apostle
Richards and he was made as comfortable as possible until the
morning of July second. Early on the morning of the 2nd of July,
James Allred brought a wagon and Brother Marks a carriage to
take President Taylor home to Nauvoo. At first they deemed the
wagon and carriage would be too rough in which to ride;
accordingly a litter was prepared which they carried for a
distance. Then a sleigh was placed behind Brother Allred’s wagon
and a mattress was placed thereon. By cutting through fields and
taking down fences, they soon covered the eighteen miles to
President Taylor’s home. As news of their approach reached the
city, thousands came out to greet them and President Taylor
exclaimed upon arrival that he felt better than when he started.
James Tillman’s wife, Eliza Bridget Mainwaring, was born in
Herfordshire, England, on November 23, 1821. She came to America
with one of the first “Mormon groups” to emigrate to this land.
She was the daughter of Edward Mainwaring and Margaret Nash. She
joined the Church in 1835. As a young lady she had lived in the
home of James Allred, father of James Tillman. For three years
previous to the Prophet’s death she was employed as a cook in
the Nauvoo Mansion. It was while living at Father Allred’s home
that she and James Tillman Sanford fell in love. They were
married on the 23rd day of November, 1845.
When Tillman’s father crossed the Mississippi River on February
9, 1846, Tillman and his bride of a few month were with him.
They arrived on the banks of the Missouri River on July 15th of
the same year after a little over five months of travel. The
next day, Tillman in obedience to the encouragement of Brigham
Young and the leaders of the Church, joined the Mormon
Battalion. As soon as it was learned that four laundresses would
be allowed each of the five companies of the Battalion, the
wives of the soldiers made application and twenty were chosen.
Then it was found that the soldiers could take their families if
they could meet the expense of the journey, and also provide
transportation. Nearly eighty women and children accompanied the
Battalion. Eliza Bridget Mainwaring was one of these women. She
felt she would sooner suffer the rigors of the camp life than be
left with the Saints, even though she was four months pregnant,
and was faced with the necessity of walking all the way, as
James Tillman had no wagon in which she could ride.
On July 18th, President Brigham Young met with the officers that
had been chosen, and instructed them to be fathers to their
companies, and manage their affairs in a prayerful way. He
assured the soldiers that they would do no fighting; that the
Saints would go to the Great Basin and the Battalion would be
disbanded about 800 miles from where the body of the Church
would locate. A great ball was held the night before their
James Tillman and Eliza on the morning of July 21st, started
with the others on their long trek, not knowing whether they
would ever see the faces of their loved ones again in this life.
James Tillman Sanford was enrolled in Company A where he was
enlisted with his two cousins, Redick Newton and James Riley,
both of whom were sons of his father’s brother Isaac. He also
had as a traveling companion, Reuben Warren Allred who was the
son of his older brother Martin Carrell. After traveling on the
east side of the Missouri River through Iowa and Missouri
territory, the Battalion crossed the Missouri River at a point
directly opposite Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. They arrived at Fort
Leavenworth on August 1st. At Leavenworth they drew their
firearms, camp equipment and pay which consisted of $42. Most of
the money was sent back by Elder Parley P. Pratt and others for
the support of their families, and for the gathering of the poor
from Nauvoo. On August 12th and 13th, three companies took up
their march to Santa Fe, New Mexico. The other two companies
followed on the 14th. On the 23rd, Captain Allen died, having
earned the love and respect of all. Lieutenant Andrew J. Smith
assumed command, much to the dissatisfaction of the men, as they
felt that Jefferson Hunt, their own senior officer, was to take
over in the event of Allen’s death. On September 16th, at the
last crossing of the Arkansas River, Captain Higgins, with a
guard of ten men, was detailed to take a number of the families
that accompanied the Battalion, to Pueblo, a Mexican town
located further up the Arkansas River. There the families were
to spend the winter, it being felt that because of lack of
provisions and the strenuousness of the march, many would never
reach California and the men would also run out of food because
of the slowness of their progress. The detachment arrived at
Pueblo on September 16th without incident, although they
suffered greatly because of the shortness of their rations.
Tillman and Eliza continued on with the main body of the
Battalion to Santa Fe. After being reduced to two thirds rations
and suffering great hardships because of the lack of water, many
became sick before they arrived at Santa Fe. Immediately upon
arriving at Santa Fe Lieutenant Colonel Phillip St. George Cooke
took command of the Battalion pursuant to orders from S.W.
Kearney who was the Commander of the Army of the West and who
had passed through Santa Fe a few weeks previous on his way to
California. Colonel Cooke immediately dispatched all of the
remaining women and children, except the wives of four of the
officers, together with all of the sick and infirm men, to
Pueblo under the leadership of Captain Brown. They were to
winter at Pueblo and journey on to California the next spring.
Tillman Sanford and his wife Eliza and his nephew, Reuben
Warren, and Reuben’s wife, Elzadie Emeline Ford, were among
those invalided by order of the doctor and sent with Captain
Brown and 82 others to Pueblo.
This detachment after a month of travel, after leaving Santa Fe,
arrived November 17th. Eliza was ill a great deal of the way as
she was pregnant and her husband had no wagon. An elderly couple
shared their wagon with her. She gave birth to a baby boy which
died shortly after birth, but the company could not stop while
her husband buried the infant. He was so weak from exhaustion
and exposure after the burial that he could hardly catch up with
the rest of the company.
At Pueblo they were joined by those who had been detached at the
last crossing of the Arkansas River. Much rejoicing ensued as
husband met wife and children rejoined parents. Crude homes were
immediately erected, and the families made as comfortable as
possible to await the spring. Before the houses could be
completed however, many of the sick succumbed. On the 24th of
December, another detachment of sick Battalion members arrived
at Pueblo. They had been detailed from a point about 300 miles
south of Santa Fe, and because of the lateness of the season,
heavy snowstorms and their enfeebled condition, many had
suffered severely, and not a few had died from exposure and the
rigors of the cold weather. Immediately upon their arrival,
stronger men were dispatched to return upon their trail and
bring in those who had been too weak to keep up with the main
body. The remainder of the winter was spent nursing the sick and
preparing for their trip in the spring to California.
On May 18, 1847, Captain Brown and Higgins and others returned
from Santa Fe where they had gone to collect the detachments pay
and to receive orders regarding their trek to California. The
orders they received were that the Battalion was to continue on
to California by way of Fort Laramie on the Platte River.
Accordingly on the 24th of May, the detachment crossed the
Arkansas River and started northward. On the 11th of June they
were met by Amasa M. Lyman of the Quorum of the Twelve and
others from Winter Quarters with mail from their loved ones and
instructions from the “brethren.” After meeting with Apostle
Lyman and the friends who accompanied him, the journey was
resumed. On the 13th of June while the company was resting
during the afternoon, Apostle Lyman addressed the Battalion and
imparted to them the instructions he had received from President
Brigham Young. For at that time, it was assumed that the
detachment was to go to California. On the night of the 16th,
the company camped within one mile of Fort Laramie, about 540
miles west of Council Bluffs, where they were mustered into
service eleven months before. President Young, with a company of
pioneers making their was westward, had passed Fort Laramie
twelve days previous and with a view of overtaking them the
detachment made an early start on the morning of the 17th and
followed Brigham’s trail. The road was bad and almost impossible
in places, so the travel was necessarily slow and tedious; but
they gradually gained on the pioneers whose journeying they
occasionally learned by finding posts set up at a camp place
with writing on it, showing when the pioneers passed that spot.
On arriving at the ferry on the Platte River the detachment
learned that the pioneers were only one day’s travel in advance.
Finding a blacksmith working at this place, a halt was called
for one day in order to get animals shod and wagons repaired.
The detachment pushed onward the next morning but failed to
overtake the pioneers except for eleven men who pushed on ahead
and joined the pioneers at Green River on July 4, 1847. The rest
of Brown’s detachment arrived in the valley July 29th, just five
days after the pioneers had entered the valley. Here they were
formally disbanded, since their year of service was completed,
without the necessity of going to California.
On February 26, 1848, Eliza gave birth in Salt Lake City to
their second child Eliza Marie. In the spring of 1849, James
Tillman Sanford went back to the Platte River to establish a
ferry and help the Saints to Salt Lake City. Later in the same
year he was called by Brigham Young, along with others, to move
their families to South Sanpete County. There they started a
settlement called Manti. It was while living at Manti that their
two daughters, Eliza Marie and Ellen A. were born. In the spring
of 1852 Brigham Young and the Twelve Apostles called James
Tillman Sanford, his father and mother who had crossed the
plains and joined them in 1851, to move 16 miles north and start
a new settlement at a site known today as Spring City.
Reuben Warren Allred, a brother of James Tillman Sanford,
crossed the plains in the fall of 1849, after the return of the
Mormon Battalion to Winter Quarters. At the General Conference
in October, 1851, President Brigham Young called Reuben Allred
and others to go to Sanpete County to establish settlements. On
October 9, 1851, Reuben was ordained a High Priest and set apart
as Bishop under the hands of Brigham Young. The trip of these
Saints to Sanpete was a hard and dangerous one. They settled on
the east side of the Sanpete Valley just eighteen miles
northeast of the present site of Manti, on the 22nd day of
March, 1853. This place was known as the “Allred Settlement.”
Later, it was called Springtown because of the number of cold
water springs within the town’s limit. Here at Springtown they
proceeded to build a fort for the protection against the
Indians. It was to the Allred Settlement that James Tillman
Sanford and his wife and family and James Tillman’s father and
mother moved to in response to President Young’s call.
At the spring conference of 1856, James Tillman Sanford was
called to go on a mission to the Piute Indians, as Brigham Young
knew he was a good Indian interpreter. It was while laboring as
a missionary at Las Vegas that Edward Francis was born on
September 5, 1856. At the conclusion of his mission James
returned to Ephraim where William Hackley, Nancy Cluny, and
Brigham Young were born. The family lived in Ephraim from 1858
to 1862. Later they moved to Circleville where Margaret Bridget
was born on the 20th of April, 1866. Six years later on April
12, her mother Eliza Bridget died in Circleville, Utah. Her
dying request was that her youngest daughter be raised by her
eldest daughter Eliza Marie Munson who had also given birth to a
daughter, Eliza Bridget Munson on June 5, 1866.
James Tillman Sanford married an Indian woman by the name of
Fanny while the family was living in Ephraim. From this
marriage, a girl, Barbara was born on February 14, 1860. Barbara
passed away at the age of 42. James Tillman Sanford married
Margaret Mainwaring a sister to Eliza. To this union was born
two sons and four daughters. James Tillman Sanford also married
James Tillman Sanford died at Spring City, Utah, on March 29,
1905 at the age of 80. His father James passed away on January
10, 1876 at the age of 92 at Spring City, Sanpete County, Utah,
after having completed one of the most outstanding lives of the
19th century. His wife Elizabeth Warren lived for another three
years. She passed away on the 23rd of April 1879, having been
blind for the last six years of her life.
The following are the children of James Tillman Sanford Allred
and Eliza Bridget Mainwaring:
1. Eliza Marie, born 26 Feb. 1848, died 12 April 1839 (sic.),
married James W. Munson
2. Ellen A., born 13 Jan. 1850, died 28 Aug. 1929.
3. Elizabeth Diantha, born 25 Mar. 1852, died 24 Sept. 1942
4. James Tillman Sanford, born 25 Feb. 1854, died 11 Aug 1902,
married Christina Anderson.
5. Edward Francis Allred, born 5 Sept. 1856, died 9 July 1942,
married Elizabeth Overlade.
6. William Hackley, born 4 Nov. 1858, died 15 Feb. 1922, married
Sarah E. Miles.
7. Nancy Cluny, born 14 April 1861, died 14 April 1861.
8. Brigham Young, born 25 Aug. 1862, married Christina Nielson.
9. Margaret Bridget, born 20 April 1866, died 4 Aug. 1934,
married Hans Peter Nielson.
The following are the children of James Tillman Sanford Allred
and Fanny, his second wife:
1. Barbara, born 14 Feb. 1860, died Thanksgiving Day, Nov. 1902.
The following are children of James Tillman Sanford Allred and
Margaret Mainwaring his third wife.
1. Margaret M. born 29 Dec. 1853, married Roberts.
2. Sarah Ann, born 11 Feb. 1857.
3. John Richard, born 5 Oct. 1858.
4. Malinda J., born 9 Feb. 1861, died 1944, married Brigham
5. Lovina S., born 9 April 1863, married Will Robinson.
6. Heber Kimball, born 3 May 1863, married Margaret Jones.
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